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The FPDF class was modified adding UTF-8 support. Moreover, it embeds only the necessary parts of the fonts that are used in the document, making the file size much smaller than if the whole fonts were embedded. These features were originally developed for the mPDF project, and ported from Ian Back's sFPDF LGPL PHP version.

Before you can use UTF-8, you have to install at least one Unicode font in the font directory (or system font folder). Some free font packages are available for download (extract them into the font folder):

  • DejaVu family: Sans, Sans Condensed, Serif, Serif Condensed, Sans Mono (Supports more than 200 languages)

  • GNU FreeFont family: FreeSans, FreeSerif, FreeMono

  • Indic (ttf-indic-fonts Debian and Ubuntu package) for Bengali, Devanagari, Gujarati, Gurmukhi (including the variants for Punjabi), Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Tibetan

  • AR PL New Sung (firefly): The Open Source Chinese Font (also supports other east Asian languages)

  • Alee (ttf-alee Arch Linux package): General purpose Hangul Truetype fonts that contain Korean syllable and Latin9 (iso8859-15) characters.

  • Fonts-TLWG (formerly ThaiFonts-Scalable)

These fonts are included with this library's installers; see Free Font Pack for FPDF below for more information.

Then, to use a Unicode font in your script, pass True as the fourth parameter of add_font.

Notes on non-latin languages

Some users may encounter a problem where some characters displayed incorrectly. For example, using Thai language in the picture below


The solution is to find and use a font that covers the characters of your language. From the error in the image above, Thai characters can be fixed using fonts from Fonts-TLWG which can be downloaded from this link. The example shown below.


Right-to-Left & Arabic Script workaround

For Arabic and RTL scripts there is a temporary solution (using two additional libraries python-bidi and arabic-reshaper) that works for most languages; only a few (rare) Arabic characters aren't supported. Using it on other scripts(eg. when the input is unknown or mixed scripts) does not affect them:

from arabic_reshaper import reshape
from bidi.algorithm import get_display

some_text = 'اَلْعَرَبِيَّةُכַּף סוֹפִית'
fixed_text = get_display(reshape(some_text))


This example uses several free fonts to display some Unicode strings. Be sure to install the fonts in the font directory first.

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf8 -*-

from fpdf import FPDF

pdf = FPDF()

# Add a DejaVu Unicode font (uses UTF-8)
# Supports more than 200 languages. For a coverage status see:
pdf.set_font('DejaVuSansCondensed', size=14)

text = u"""
English: Hello World
Greek: Γειά σου κόσμος
Polish: Witaj świecie
Portuguese: Olá mundo
Russian: Здравствуй, Мир
Vietnamese: Xin chào thế giới
Arabic: مرحبا العالم
Hebrew: שלום עולם

for txt in text.split('\n'):
    pdf.write(8, txt)

# Add a Indic Unicode font (uses UTF-8)
# Supports: Bengali, Devanagari, Gujarati, 
#           Gurmukhi (including the variants for Punjabi) 
#           Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Tibetan
pdf.set_font('gargi', size=14)
pdf.write(8, u'Hindi: नमस्ते दुनिया')

# Add a AR PL New Sung Unicode font (uses UTF-8)
# The Open Source Chinese Font (also supports other east Asian languages)
pdf.set_font('fireflysung', size=14)
pdf.write(8, u'Chinese: 你好世界\n')
pdf.write(8, u'Japanese: こんにちは世界\n')

# Add a Alee Unicode font (uses UTF-8)
# General purpose Hangul truetype fonts that contain Korean syllable 
# and Latin9 (iso8859-15) characters.
pdf.set_font('Eunjin', size=14)
pdf.write(8, u'Korean: 안녕하세요')

# Add a Fonts-TLWG (formerly ThaiFonts-Scalable) (uses UTF-8)
pdf.set_font('Waree', size=14)
pdf.write(8, u'Thai: สวัสดีชาวโลก')

# Select a standard font (uses windows-1252)
pdf.set_font('helvetica', size=14)
pdf.write(5, 'This is standard built-in font')


View the result here: unicode.pdf

For your convenience, this library collected 96 TTF files in an optional "Free Unicode TrueType Font Pack for FPDF", with useful fonts commonly distributed with GNU/Linux operating systems (see above for a complete description). This pack is included in the Windows installers, or can be downloaded separately (for any operating system).

You could use any TTF font file as long embedding usage is allowed in the licence. If not, a runtime exception will be raised saying: "ERROR - Font file filename.ttf cannot be embedded due to copyright restrictions."

Fallback fonts

New in 2.7.0

The method set_fallback_fonts() allows you to specify a list of fonts to be used if any character is not available on the font currently set. When a character doesn’t exist on the current font, fpdf2 will look if it’s available on the fallback fonts, on the same order the list was provided.

Common scenarios are use of special characters like emojis within your text, greek characters in formulas or citations mixing different languages.


import fpdf

pdf = fpdf.FPDF()
# twitter emoji font:
pdf.set_font("Roboto", size=15)
pdf.write(txt="text with an emoji 🌭")

When a glyph cannot be rendered uing the current font, fpdf2 will look for a fallback font matching the current character emphasis (bold/italics). By default, if it does not find such matching font, the character will not be rendered using any fallback font. This behaviour can be relaxed by passing exact_match=False to set_fallback_fonts().

Moreover, for more control over font fallback election logic, the get_fallback_font() can be overriden. An example of this can be found in test/fonts/